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Ball Valve

Ball Valve

At Maalathi Engineering, we take pride in being a leading manufacturer of high-quality ball valves for a wide range of industries and applications. With decades of expertise and a commitment to innovation and excellence, we deliver reliable solutions that meet the diverse needs of our customers worldwide.

Quality is the cornerstone of everything we do. From design to production, every step of the manufacturing process is meticulously executed to ensure that our ball valves meet the highest standards of performance, durability, and reliability. We use advanced materials, precision engineering, and rigorous testing protocols to guarantee that each valve performs flawlessly even in the most demanding environments.

Application Industries

  • Oil and Gas Industry
  • Power Generation
  • Chemical Processing
  • Marine and Shipbuilding
  • Food and Beverage Industry
  • Pharmaceutical Manufacturing
  • Automotive Industry
  • Chemical Injection Systems
  • Pulp and Paper Industry
  • Water and Wastewater Treatment
  • Ball valve design
  • Advantages and Disadvantages
  • Features

General Info

Overall, the design of a ball valve is engineered to provide reliable shut-off and control of fluid flow in a wide range of applications, from industrial processes to residential plumbing systems. The choice of materials, construction, and features can be customized to suit the specific needs and operating conditions of each application.

  • Body : The body of the ball valve is the outer casing that houses the internal components. It is typically made of metal.
  • Ball : The ball is the central component of the valve that controls the flow of fluid. It has a hole or port through its center that allows the fluid to pass when the valve is open.
  • Stem : The stem is the component that connects the actuator (handle, lever, or actuator) to the ball. It transmits the rotation or linear motion from the actuator to the ball, allowing the valve to open or close.
  • Seals & O-rings : Seals and O-rings are used throughout the valve to provide additional sealing and prevent leakage at various points, such as between the body and the end caps, and around the stem.
  • Actuator :The actuator is the mechanism used to operate the valve, either manually or automatically. It can be a handle, lever, gear operator, pneumatic actuator, or electric actuator, depending on the application and requirements. The actuator controls the movement of the stem, which in turn opens or closes the valve.

Advantages and Disadvantages

Here are some advantages and of ball valves :

  • Ball valves can be quickly opened or closed with a simple 90-degree turn of the handle, lever, or actuator, allowing for rapid flow control.
  • When fully closed, ball valves provide a tight seal, minimizing leakage and preventing fluid loss, making them suitable for applications where sealing integrity is critical.
  • Due to their simple design and fewer components, ball valves require minimal maintenance and are less prone to wear and tear, resulting in reduced downtime and operating costs.
  • Ball valves are available in a wide range of sizes, materials, and configurations, making them suitable for various applications across different industries and operating conditions.

A few disadvantages of Ball valves are:

  • Ball valves are primarily designed for on/off applications and may not provide precise flow control or modulation compared to other types of valves, such as globe or butterfly valves.
  • Ball valves can cause a pressure drop across the valve due to the flow restriction caused by the ball and seat design, which may affect system performance in high-flow applications.
  • In high-velocity flow conditions, ball valves may experience cavitation and erosion, leading to damage to the valve components and reduced service life, especially when handling abrasive or erosive fluids.


  • Ball valves are designed for quick and easy operation, requiring only a quarter-turn (90 degrees) of the handle, lever, or actuator to open or close the valve fully.
  • Most ball valves have a full bore design, meaning that the diameter of the ball and the bore of the valve are the same size, allowing for unrestricted flow of fluids with minimal pressure drop.
  • Ball valves are capable of bidirectional flow, meaning they can handle flow in either direction, making them versatile for various piping configurations and applications.
  • Ball valves are available in a wide range of sizes, materials, and configurations, including threaded, flanged, socket weld, and butt weld connections, making them suitable for diverse applications across different industries.
  • Ball valves are capable of handling high-pressure and high-temperature applications, making them suitable for use in demanding industrial processes and systems.